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Microcirculation

MICROCIRCULATION

Condition of capillary system as the most important link in the circulatory bed, which provides organs and tissues with all necessary substances for life, gives a lot of interesting additional information for diagnostics. Today the capillaroscopy, which helps to visualize microcirculation disturbances, became the one of the progressive diagnosing methods owing to the up-to-date electronic – computed technologies.

During the examination of the microcirculation picture we gradually compose the following classification for capillaroscopic images (patent of the State Patent Office of Ukraine № 67709 А on 31.12.03 “Assessment with the capillaroscopy method of disturbances in microcirculation in the normal state and in case of the pathology in people of different age”):

1. Capillary form:

classical loop;

atypical (bifurcation, trifurcation, quadrifurcation);

moderately tortuous loop;

a curl;

tortuousity;

ansiformation;

a crossed capillary

2. Capillary length:

dotted;

short;

middle;

long.

3. Capillary type according to their caliber:

microcaliber;

middlecaliber;

macrocaliber.

4. Specific gravity of capillaries:

reduced (up to 16 per 2 mm);

sufficient (16-20 per 2 mm);

oversaturated (over 20 per 2 mm).

5. Presence of a capillary net:

like a root;

like a serpentine;

children type;

adolescent type;

adult type.

6. Level of blood supply:

the whole capillary is filled evenly;

a precapillary has a deficiency of blood filling;

a postcapillary has a deficiency of blood filling;

by a type of the “air embolism”.

7. An effect of the “monetary columns”:

present;

absent.

8. Capillary circulation rate:

reduced;

normal;

intensified.

9. Background of the capillary field:

muddy-pink;

light-pink;

marble.

 

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